First Name and Last Name:
Abdolsamad Khoramabadi (a.k.a. Abdossamad Khrramabadi)
Khoramabadi holds a Ph.D. in Criminology and Criminal law from University Of Tehran. After injuring his left arm during the Iran-Iraq war and has a prosthetic arm, Khoramabadi worked as prosecutor at Supreme Court of Islamic Republic of Iran before becoming the deputy of Iran’s General Prosecutor.
Abdolsamad KHORAMABADI has been heading the commission to determine the instances of criminal content since its creation in July 2010, and participates in decision making as a permanent member.
Witness Accounts of Alleged Violations and Crimes:
As the head of “Commission to Determine the Instances of Criminal Content”, he is responsible for blocking Google and Gmail which began on September 24, 2012.
From the early hours of 24th September, Internet users were blocked from accessing Google search engine. “Due to the repeated demands of the people, Google and Gmail will be blocked nationwide. They will remain blocked until further notice,” Abdolsamad Khoramabadi, the head of the state-run body in charge of online censorship and computer crime (Commission to Determine Instances of Criminal Content) said 5 hours before the filtering began. Internet users from inside the country report that while they are not being diverted to the standard “filtered” message given for blocked sites, they are unable to access Google services.
The commission is directly responsible for systemic violations of human rights, especially those related to Article 11,12, 18 and 19 of UDHR, 5 and 19 of ICCR, by banning and filtering websites to the general public, and occasionally disabling Internet access altogether. Websites are shut down or blocked without any notification and under the final decision of the commission. Because directives are updated every 15 days, one can be charged retroactively with an offence that was not considered a crime at the time it occurred. A wide range of globally-accessed sites, from weblogs, YouTube, Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, to goodreads.com and news agencies such as BBC, Guardian, and CNN have been blocked for years in Iran.
The Iranian cyber police, who enforce all rulings made by the expert commission, continuously violate the privacy of ordinary citizens. Recently, a couple was arrested because of having shared their family photos with friends on Facebook.
Websites containing information on any religion other than Shi’a Islam are under strict monitoring and control. Those individual who leave Islam to convert to another religion, as well as all members of the Bahai faith, can be prosecuted and their web content can be eliminated. According to KHORAMABADI, in the commission’s first meeting in January 2010, it recognized cyber crime in following seven vague categories, covering a wide range of offences according to Commission’s own interpretations and often arbitrary inclinations:
- 1.Contents against public moral and ethics
- 2. Contents against Islam and Islamic values
- 3. Contents against public security
- 4. Contents against public officers, authorities and governmental organizations (natural and legal identities)
- 5. Contents to use in cyber and other crimes
- 6. Crimes related to multimedia and copy right
- 7. Content that stimulates, encourages, or an invitation to crime (related to other crimes)
In his interview with 20:30, a daily show on IRAB2 famous for its propaganda in favour of government, Khoramabadi declared: “The American website of Google and Gmail will be blocked through the country until the next notice.” Other Google services like Google Reader, Google translator and Youtube have been already banned in Iran.