In February 2020, Justice for Iran submitted a report to the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights ins response to its call for input on connecting the business and human right and anti-corruption. The submission ‘Iran: The Meeting Point of Corruption and Human Rights Violations’ is an effort by Justice for Iran to shed light on some of the corrupt practices of state actors and businesses, as well as systematic flaws in the legal and financial systems in Iran.
This submission has seven sections seeking to address some of the problematic institutions and practices that embody systematic corruption in Iran and facilitate human rights violations. The first section focuses on issues of ownership and control of companies as well as the identity of shareholders and directors and their ties with military or security forces. The second section gives an overview of the entities controlled by the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the undue advantages and privileges afforded to such entities. The third section examines internal corruption and corrupt practices that are rife in many public entities. Section four touches upon Iran’s banking system which is one of the main contributors to the country’s financial corruption. The next section discusses a common and well-known practice of using front companies and chains of ownership in order to conceal the role of governmental and military entities in Iran’s market. The final two sections highlight the lack of an independent watchdog, as well as transparency and effective protections for journalists and whistleblowers. Finally, we attempt to provide a number of recommendations that begin to emerge from this research, which seem to be applicable more broadly to connecting corruption and business and human rights.
Read the full submission here.