Human Rights Violator:Ali Mohammad Besharati Jahromi

 

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Name

Ali Mohammad Besharati Jahromi

 Background

Born in 1323 (1944) in Jahrom

PhD in international relations

He was a political prisoner during the Pahlavi era

His positions under the Islamic Republic include:

2001 until present       Political consultant to the Expediency Council[1]

1997 – 2001                Security consultant to Chair of the Expediency Council[2]

1993 – 1997                Minister of Interior[3]

1984 – 1993                Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs

1980 – 1984                Member of Parliament[4]

In charge of intelligence and IRGC investigations[5]

Co-founder and member of the first council of IRGC[6]

Member of Khomeini’s Welcoming task force and among the first interrogators of anti-revolutionaries[7]

Member of torture “allegations” parliamentary investigation task force[8]

Co-founder and active member of Qanat Group, a body focussed on violent oppression of dissidents

As a founding[9] member of Qanat (aqueduct) group, also known as 15th of Khordad, he spearheaded kidnapping, torture and murder of dissidents around Jahrom prior to the 1979 revolution. He acted as a consultant[10] to the Friday Prayer Leader of the city, Hossein Ayatollahi[11], and in conjunction identified and torturously murdered[12] citizens, and often threw their remains into aqueducts around Jahrom. According to witness statements he was involved in or incited harassment, severe and inhumane torture including acid attacks, burning, cutting, maiming and violent murder of Baha’is, political activists, leftists and Mojahedin among others[13] in Jahrom.

 Member of the parliamentary “torture allegations” investigation task force, in response to a wave of reports and evidence of torture in Islamic Republic prisons

During the first months of 1981 and following repeated complaints and appeals by survivors and family members of political prisoners Ayatollah Khomeini appointed a task force to conduct an investigation in Tehran prisons. Besharati, then Jahrom’s representative to the Islamic parliament, represented the judiciary on this body. In clear contradiction to testimonies of survivors and family members of victims, as well as investigative reports by Amnesty International[14] the body concluded: “The interrogation and investigation system of the judiciary in our courts and prisons are not based on torture and if few cases have come to light, they are exceptions to the rule and a result of actions on the part of individuals who are not among the officials. [Therefore] accusations on the part of one of the authorities regarding investigation and interrogation procedures are in no way accurate.”[15]

Approval of the “regulations for illegal clothing and make up,” a document used as justification for violation of individual rights

In August 1996, while holding the position of Minister of Interior, the Ministry approved the “Regulations for illegal clothing and make up”. This document and its articles ban clothing that bear images and art work such as musical instruments, embroidery, cartoons, or terms of endearment. These regulations have been used as justification for many cases of human rights abuse and infringement on citizens’ freedom, all of which Besharati must be held accountable for.[16]

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[1] Tasnim News: http://www.tasnimnews.com/Home/Single/234326

[2] Ibid.

[3] Shomal-e Farda Website: http://shomalefarda.com/home/365-vijeh/22939-1391-05-12-02-04-08

[4] Majles Research Centre: http://rc.majlis.ir/fa/parliament_member/show/762319

[5] Hamshahri On-line: http://archive.hamshahrionline.ir/hamnews/1384/840203/world/_siasatw.htm

[6] Fars News: http://farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13920421000579

[7] Entekhab: http://www.entekhab.ir/fa/news/51243

[8] Kayhan Newspaper dated 30 Farvardin 1360 (20 April 1981), pp. 1, 2

[9] Bidaran site: http://www.bidaran.net/spip.php?article146

[10] Ibid.

[11] In addition to aforementioned witness statements regarding Hossein Ayatollahi, the Friday Prayer leader in Jahrom during the early years of the revolution, Esmat Vatandoust’s testimony at Iran Tribunal session in June 2012 in London, UK, refers to his role in crimes committed in Jahrom.  Ayatollahi dies in 2000.

[12] Mitra Lagar’s testimony:  http://www.iranhrdc.org/persian/permalink/3280.html?p=3#.ULeXovWboW8

[13]Witness statements on file at Justice for Iran

[14] “Torture in the Eighties”, AI Index: ACT 04/01/84

[15]Ettela’at Newspaper dated 30 Farvardin 1360, Number 164

[16] National website on laws: http://law.hijabportal.com/?p=461

 

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