Human Rights Violator: Seyyed Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi

  

Reshteh-Ahmadi

First Name and Last Name:

Seyyed Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi

Background:

No detail is available about the year and location of his birth as well as his educational background.

      Titles and Positions Held:

March 2013 – Present: Supervisor of Public Prosecution Office in Tehran (District 1).

March 2013 – Present: Deputy Head of the Office of Prison Affairs of Tehran Province.

: Supervisor of the Prosecution office of Shahid Moghaddas Evin 2009 – March 2013.

2008 – March 2010 – Deputy of the General and Public Prosecutor of Ahvaz and Responsible for the prison affairs of Khuzistan province.

2008 – 2009: Supervisor of the Public Relations and Communication of the Office of Justice of Khuzistan Province.

In September of 2009, Abbas Ja’fari Dowlatabadi was appointed to the post of General and Revolutionary Prosecutor of Tehran. By March of the following year, he established a prosecution office at Evin prison names Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin). The responsibilities of this prosecution office are those previously done by the Security Branch of the Revolutionary Prosecution Office. Effectively, the different branches of the prosecution office, took up the responsibility of pursuing, research and inspection and issuing an indictment as well as execute the sentences issued for those charged with crimes against national security. Further, decision making regarding granting of furlough and other rights of the political prisoners in Tehran Province is the responsibility of this prosecution office. Majority of the accused whose case file was processed in this office were amongst those arrested in relation to the Post 2009 election unrests. The office also processes case files of individuals accused on action against national security transferred from other provincial prisons to Evin Prison. Furthermore, from August 23, 2011, case files related to crimes of “rape, armed rubbery and thugish behavior” will also be sent to this prosecution office under the supervision of the head of Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office.

Initially and after the establishment of Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin), Abbas Ja’fari Dowlatabadi acted as the head of the office. In March 2010, when Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi was appointed as deputy in prison affairs to of Abbas Ja’fari Dowlatabadi, he also took the responsibility of supervising the Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office. Although his appointment was never officially announced, and in fact official news agencies never reveal the name of the supervisor of the Prosecution office,  from amongst the conversations and interviews with family members of the political prisoners, as well as some of the released prisoners, it can be deduced that Reshteh Ahmadi, along with his responsibility in the Prison Affairs Office of Tehran Province, is also the head of Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution office.

Based on the testimony of witnesses, Reshteh Ahmadi, in his capacity as the deputy head of the Prison Affairs Office of Tehran Province and supervisor of Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin), is both responsible for the actions of his subordinates in relation to the prisoners of Tehran Province, particularly the politically accused and imprisoned, as well as personally and directly responsible for increasing pressure and causing hurdles on way of political prisoners enjoying their most basic and elementary rights. Such matter are clear instances of human rights violation, including that of Article 10 of the ICCPR to which Iran is signatory.

Although there are no clear statistics available of the number of political prisoners in Tehran Province, presently there are at least 30 female prisoners in the quarantine ward of Evin Prison and over 150 male political prisoners in the general ward (350) of that Prison.

Witness Accounts of Alleged Violations and Crimes:

1- In March 2010, around 30 members of the human rights activists network were arrested by the intelligence forces of the Revolutionary Guards. Based on what is posted on the website of the organized crime center of the Revolutionary Guards, to be repeated in a few television shows shortly after the detention of the said individuals, those detained were accused of using human rights to cloak their financial and activity connections with the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization, a political organization bent on overthrowing the Islamic Republic of Iran. they were further accused of publishing a false list of the names of individuals killed in the post election unrest. Another accusation was gathering intelligence about nuclear scientists in Iran.

Vahid Ahmad Fakhreddin, attorney at law and former head of the legal committee of the Society for Human Rights Activists, was arrested at his place of residence in Ahvaz and relocated to Evin prison in Tehran. He bore witness regarding the lack of due process and basic rights of the accused and inflicting of torture in relation to himself and others. In an interview with Justice For Iran, he says:

“Both times I was summoned for questioning to Branch 3 of the Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin), Reshteh Ahmadi was present and it appeared that he was heading the complex. He was [previously] involved in the carry out of sentences i Ahvaz and so he knew me; he knew that I was an attorney in Ahvaz.”

2- Nasrin Sotoudeh, lawyer, attorney at law and civil activist, legally represented many of the human rights and women rights activists, children on death row, and those killed in the post 2009 election unrest. She is presently serving a six year sentence. Her case file was processed at Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin). In the preliminary stages, Nasrin Sotoudeh was accused of “action against national security,” “gathering and conspiring with the intention of disrupting the peace,” and “collaborating with the Human Rights Defenders Committee. For those charges, Judge Yahya Pir Abbasi sentenced her to 11 years’ discretionary imprisonment and 20 years of deprivation from practicing law, as well as 20 years of ban from exiting the country. Further, she was fined for appearing unveiled in a video message that was broadcasted on the occasion of her awarding of the Human Rights prize of the Italian National Committee of Human Rights.

In September 2010 and after receiving a summons from Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin), Nasrin Sotoudeh referred to that office for the purpose of providing details and was arrested on the spot. During the time that spans from the instance of her arrest, many of Sotoudeh’s rights, including the right to visit her young children and the right to use furlough, have been denied or granted if she were to accept certain conditions such as wear a chador. Her family was been repeatedly harassed by the judicial and security officials. Nasrin Sotoudeh had gone on hunger strike three times during her detention and imprisonment to protest the violations she and her family have been subjected to.

Part of one testimony of an individual knowledgable about this case file that was sent to Justice For Iran says:

“… This complex [Shahid Moghaddas or Evin Prosecution Office] has a supervisor named Reshteh Ahmadi who was managing all of these affairs and responsible for all the illegal activities taken place in this prosecution office. He is also Deputy Prosecutor of Tehran too…”

3- Mahdiyeh Golrou, student activist prevented from continuing her education and former deputy head of the Islamic Society of Allameh Tabatabaee University, was arrested during the suppression of the post 2009 presidential election unrest. In a letter to the Head of the Judiciary, she states that her husband was arrested merely to increase pressures placed on her. In her letter, she writes that Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi and another official of the Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office, when faced with her protests regarding her “family-wide detention,” told her “Your actions will impact his [her husband’s] case file.”

4- Based on the reports published regarding the case file of Mohsen Aminzadeh, he was deprived on medical services by Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi. Mohsen Aminzadeh was president Khatami’s Deputy Foreign Minister and a founding member of Iran’s Participation Front. He was arrested after the disputed 2009 presidential election and is presently serving his five years’ sentence for “gathering and conspiring to disrupt the security of the country,” and propaganda against the regime through interview with foreign media.” The aforementioned report states:

“By order of the medical examiner, Mohsen Aminzadeh was supposed to be delivered to Modarres Hospital at an assigned time to receive treatment for his ailing heart but, for the first time, he was faced with an order preventing him to be sent to prison without handcuffs.

Mohsen Aminzadeh refused to accept the inappropriate and painful method of being sent to prison while handcuffed and refused to accept the cuffs.

Meanwhile, although the Command Protection Office of Evin Prison agreed to transfer Aminzadeh to the hospital without the handcuffs, his transfer to the hospital was eventually halted by direct order of Reshteh Ahmadi.”

5- Peyman Aref, a student, was sentenced by Judge Yahya Pirabbasi to one year discretionary imprisonment for “propaganda activity against the regime” and 74 lashes for “insulting the president.” At the end of his imprisonment term, on the day of his release, Aref received 74 lashes in one of the rooms of Shahid Moghaddas Prosecution Office (Evin).

In an interview on that same day, he says:

“The lashing sentence was carried out in the presence o Mr. Namaki, head of Reshteh Ahmadi’s office… They opened a room at the end of Evin’s Prosecution Office and a masked man lashed me in the presence of Namaki… I was lashed so severely that I can’t stand straight and my heart condition is bad… All of this was done, because, after the election, I wrote a letter to Ahmadinejad about what was done to the Universities; it wasn’t an insulting letter at all!”

After being lashed, he wrote an open letter to Ahmadinejad and in it states that although Reshteh Ahmadi was not himself present at the time of his lashing, the lashing was done with his knowledge and that Aref heard his voice while being lashed.

Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi, denied his presence during Peyman Aref ‘s lashing, and prosecuted him for “publishing lies to disturb public opinion”. Peyman Aref, before said in an interview that he felt hearing his voice during the lashing.

Peyman Aref was rearrested less than a month after his release and is presently held at Evin Prison.

6- Mohammad Mostafaee, attorney and human rights activist, was summoned to Evin Prosecution Office on July 24, 2010. About Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi ‘s role in violating his right and those of his family, Mostafaee writes:

“This person was very influential in my case file. When I was being interrogated by the inspector of Branch 2 of the prosecution office, The inspector told me that I had committed no crime and was free to leave. I exited the room and a man, who I later realized was Reshteh Ahmadi, came out of a room and threatened me a lot. He then continued to the inspector’s room and I left the prosecution office along with soldiers who were there. everything changed after that; a group stormed my house and office and intended to arrest me but I was in neither place. So, they took my wife and brother in law as hostage.”

Mostafaee left Iran pursuant to the issuance of his detention sentence but his wife was kept in detention as hostage for two weeks.

The aforementioned is only a portion of the testimonies acquired so far that detail Bahram Reshteh Ahmadi’s role in violation of the rights of the political prisoners and harassing them and their families.

Further collection of information and documents about this individuals is still ongoing.

 

Sources:

 

[1]  http://isna.ir/fa/news/91122717538/-رشته-احمدی-سرپرست-دادسرای-ناحیه-یک-شد

http://www.dadsara.ir/Default.aspx?tabid=41&ctl=Edit&mid=390&Code=643
[2]  See for example, http://www.irna.ir/Print.aspx?NID=30683031; http://www.iran-newspaper.com/HTMLResources/Tools/PrintVersion/?NewsID=newsContent_169784; http://inn.ir/newsdetail.aspx?id=88410.
[3]  http://chrr.biz/spip.php?article16918
[4]  Witness Testimony of Vahid Ahmad Fakhreddin, Justice For Iran.
[5]  For more information about the case file and situation of Nasrin Sotoudeh, seehttp://www.rahana.org/prisoners/?p=9433
[6]  http://www.tahavolesabz.net/item/36995.
[7]  http://norooznews.ir/news/2011/12/4/1742.
[8]  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEAW06mKwgM and http://www.rahesabz.net/story/43687.
[9]  http://www.kaleme.com/1390/07/19/klm-76372/.
[10]  http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/2011/11/111101_l21_aref_jail_prison.shtml.
[11]  Witness Testimony of Mohammad Mostafaee, Justice For Iran.
[12]  http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/iran/2010/08/100807_l26_mostafaie_relatives_release.shtml

[13] http://www.kaleme.com/1390/12/07/klm-92475/